‘Do Not Track’ Bill – a step forward?

Do-Not-Track Online Act 2011 allow Internet users in the United States to block companies from gathering information about online activities.

Photo by gigaom.com

Digital Trends reported that the act will also be made simple for consumers to opt out from being tracked.

Is this act a step forward to online privacy? I would argue that it certainly is.

Under this act, companies are legally obliged to adhere to consumer’s choice of privacy. This means we can finally surf in peace without being on surveillance 24/7.

But where should the line be drawn? Is this act enough to protect consumer’s online privacy?

This act is definitely not enough to protect consumer’s online privacy but it is a good initiative. I would also hope that this act will be passed in other countries outside USA.

To conclude, there should be stiff penalties against companies who flout the rules. As an online user, I like the notion of freedom while surfing the web.

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Facebook – boon or bane?

In Week 5’s lecture, Marcos quoted Solove (2007),

“We’re heading toward a world where an extensive trail of information fragments about us will be forever preserved on the Internet, displayed instantly in a Google search…”

Indeed.

This was a photo posted on her personal facebook profile. But, this photo cost her votes and public discontentment during the Singapore General Election 2011.

Photo by Ms Tin Pei Ling

She is Tin Pei Ling, a 27-year-old elected Member of Parliament in Singapore. Just like any other young internet savvy Singaporean, Ms Tin posted this photo on her facebook profile to share her latest buy from Kate Spade. Upon announcement that she is standing as a Member of Parliament candidate, the dissemination of this photo went viral before she could tweak with her profile privacy settings. The photo has since been removed from her profile but it can be easily found on google. In fact, just type in her name and this photo will appear.

As much as I dislike her as a Member of Parliament (MP), I felt that this photo is taken out of context. She wouldn’t be facing so much public scrutiny if she was just an ordinary citizen. However, she should have been more discreet about her branded buy. As a politician, she should be more sensitive towards the ‘sandwiched middle class’ constantly trying to keep up with the cost of living.

This photo is going to haunt and put a dent in her political career. After the General Election on Saturday, there is a petition on Facebook to remove her from her post as a Member of Parliament.

Screenshot of a Facebook petition to remove Ms Tin as a Member of Parliament

So is Facebook a boon or bane?

It definitely has its pros and cons. My previous post mentioned Facebook is a free platform for politicians to spread their policies and even used to convince voters why they should vote for them. However, with the rise of social media, all public figures MUST take extra precautions to protect their online identity.

Social media will continue to grow with more users embracing and using it. Politicians need to know how to engage the youths with the use of social media.

To end off the post, here is a quote taken off Asian Tech Catalog from Nicole Seah, the youngest female opposition candidate:

“Let us remember that social media in itself is just a medium. So if you want to use it for the sake of using it, you wouldn’t get much result.”

In short, politicians should use social media to engage the young voters. They must also make an effort to update and read the comments posted by users. If not, it is pointless to own a facebook account just to jump on the bandwagon of using social media. However, politicians still need to treat social media just like mainstream media as quotes and photos can always be taken out of context and turn viral.


Engaging Singapore Youths with Social Media

The Singapore General Election (GE) is happening today as I am writing this post. It is interesting to see youths getting involved and playing a part in deciding the political landscape in Singapore. Singaporean youths are always deemed as apathetic towards politics but this general election is proving otherwise. It is widely known that the Singapore media is tightly controlled by the government. MediaCorp and Singapore Press Holdings – the two largest media companies in Singapore are owned by Temasek Holdings (a government investment company). Thus, it is not surprising to see the incumbent party (People’s Action Party) gaining more media coverage during elections compared to the opposition parties.

So why is this GE different from the previous GE in 2006?
Social media.

Opposition parties are leveraging on the popularity of social media to engage younger voters.

1. Facebook
All political parties in Singapore have a facebook page to share its manifestos and visions for Singapore. Politicians are also ‘pressured’ into getting an account in order to connect with the younger voters.

http://www.facebook.com/pap.sg – Official Facebook page of the incumbent party

http://www.facebook.com/nicoleseahnsp – Official Facebook page of Nicole Seah (One of the youngest opposition candidate)

The Prime Minister of Singapore also conducted a webchat with other Facebook users during the campaigning period. Opposition candidate Nicole Seah is now the most popular politician in Singapore based on the number of likes on her facebook page overtaking Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew.

Opposition parties also make use of their facebook pages to actively promote the highlights of their rallies which may have been overlooked by the mainstream elite media.

2. Twitter
Similar to Facebook, political parties also use Twitter in an attempt to engage youths and active social media users.

http://twitter.com/#!/nsp_sg – Singapore’s main opposition party’s Twitter page

On National Solidarity Party twitter page, it is updated daily to update the party’s supporters of their rally locations during campaigning period. It is also used to extract important quotes from the party speakers during rallies. It makes it easy for youths to obtain information in bite-sized pieces without having to spend three hours listening to the rally.

3. YouTube
I would say this is the best platform for overseas and busy voters to stay in touch with the election news at home. Rally videos are uploaded on a daily basis throughout the nine days of campaigning.

The video above shows Singapore’s youngest female candidate, Nicole Seah, campaigning for her party at a rally in Singapore.

It is interesting to see how social media is now playing a significant role even in politics. Social media creates a more level playing field especially for the opposition parties as it is largely unregulated. Opposition parties often face the challenge of getting positive coverage by the state-controlled media companies. Moreover, they don’t have to pay for using these platforms.

In an interview with BBC, opposition candidate Nicole Seah said, “These elections are a watershed for the reason that social media is emerging in a very strong way.”

We shall see if social media does play an impact in the election results later tonight.


Wordpress and Database

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The complex database behind a simple blogging site

This week, we talked about reintroducing wordpress in lecture and the reading was about blog software and engine.

I found this picture on flickr and thought it is very interesting as it shows how one category is linked to another. For example, this picture shows the relationship between users and posts. Users need to create a post before other users can comment on it. I know this is rather obvious but I am thinking why is this so? What if other users might just want to interact with the blogger and it is not about a particular blog post? Is wordpress restricting what framing what users should be commenting on? From the looks of it, I would think so.


Tutorial 3: WordPress, a Web2.0 Application

Features of WordPress that defines it as a Web2.0 application:

1) Users of WordPress are able to create and produce content, in the kind of presentation style that we want to have – through the use of html, xhtml codes and css styles.

2) WordPress users form a community, whereby they can access forums to discuss topics (mostly related to technology), blog about their daily lifestyle, comment on other users’ postings and share the latest contents. Just to name a few, news, lifestyle, fashion and web features, as shown in wordpress.com and wordpress.org.

3) The features of WordPress allows users to read and write, therefore, concluding it to be a Web 2.0 application.

How does it manage to be a sustainable model while also empowering producers”:

WordPress is a platform for users to share personalised content, more generally known as diary-styled blog post. The content is widely varied, ranging from sports, food, entertainment, gossip and fashion. These contents are free and easily accessible by people in and out of the WordPress community. It enhances interpersonal interaction, as well as an unaware increased interaction with softwares.

On the other hand, WordPress does not focus only on those who use it, but also people who are only interested in reading content, rather than generating them.